Organizational overview


Organizational overview

The RCMP holds a unique position within the landscape of Canadian institutions. This section looks at our core responsibilities, our challenges and our ever-changing operating environment.

The RCMP's core responsibilities

The RCMP operates within three core responsibilities:

Federal Policing (FP)

Through FP, the RCMP prevents, detects and investigates serious and organized crime, financial crime, and cybercrime, as well as crimes related to national security. In addition, it enforces federal statutes, conducts international policing activities and ensures border integrity and the security of major events, state officials, dignitaries and foreign missions.

National Policing Services (NPS)

Through NPS, the RCMP maintains national criminal data repositories and provides training, expertise and investigative assistance to all Canadian law enforcement agencies including in forensics, identification, violent crime analysis, criminal intelligence, online child exploitation. It also provides specialized firearms services to prevent and investigate firearms crimes as well as administer the Firearms Act and related regulations.

NPS also provides internal technical services to support operations in the collection of digital evidence, the delivery of policing information technology tools and the oversight of departmental security standards.

Contract and Indigenous Policing (C&IP)

C&IP provides, under the Police Services Agreements, policing to provinces (except Ontario and Quebec) and territories, and to over 150 municipalities and more than 600 Indigenous communities. Services provided in support of safe communities by uniformed and non-uniformed RCMP employees include the general administration of justice, preservation of peace, community policing and the prevention of crime. An important focus is advancing reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples in Canada, as well as connecting with vulnerable communities.

Organizational statistics and facts

Across all provinces and territories in the country
Number of police officers < 19,000+
Number of civilian employees 11,000
Number of detachments 700+
Percentage of regular members who are women 22%
Percentage of regular members who are visible minorities 12%
Percentage of regular members were Indigenous 8%
Every year
Number of yearly calls for service 2.7M
Average number of cadets enter the RCMP training academy 1,200
Number of on-road vehicles 12,000+
Number of marine vessels 350+
Number of buildings 4,300
Number of off-road vehicles 3,400+
Number of aircraft 35+
Number of locations 1,300

Key challenges

  1. The RCMP is a complex and multi-faceted organization facing significant requirements for change and modernization.
  2. To be an organization with a healthy and inclusive workforce that is capable of policing for and with the diverse communities we represent, the RCMP must be modern, agile and free of harassment, systemic racism and barriers.
  3. Resource erosion has resulted in increased pressures on front-line policing and support functions, at the same time as new forms of complex criminality have emerged and continue to emerge. Our challenge is to meet these pressures with the right skills, approaches and tools required to ensure Canadians' and Canada's interests remain safe and secure.

The RCMP will tackle these challenges head on as we continue to deliver on Government of Canada priorities, including advancing reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples in Canada, combating transnational organized crime, addressing gender-based violence and implementing changes to firearms legislation.

A complex and evolving operating environment

The RCMP's operating environment is characterized by the ever-evolving nature of criminality in Canada and abroad, as well as changes in technology, legislation, and the political landscape within which the RCMP must navigate. Understanding and adapting to emerging trends is essential. The RCMP's Environmental Scan 2020 lays out the operating environment in detail. The Environmental Scan identified six mega-trends that will help to frame areas the RCMP must consider when developing its strategies and plans. Highlights within each area are presented here.

The 4th industrial revolution

  • 60% of all dark web activity involves illegal activities
  • Facial recognition is advancing at an unprecedented pace
  • 3D-printing has been used in the identification of bodies and the creation of untraceable firearm parts
  • Augmented Reality is used to aid training and real time crisis resolution
  • Internet of things has increased 500%, providing sources of potential information
  • DNA phenotyping is being used to determine the potential appearance of suspects

Protecting human rights

  • Increased advocacy by Black, Indigenous and mental health organizations
  • Asylum seekers arrival to Canada steadily increasing
  • 57% of Canadians believe immigration has placed too much pressure on public services in Canada
  • Canada's Indigenous Peoples are experiencing rights issues for land and water
  • 10 of the 94 Calls to Action by the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation Commission have been completed
  • 441 projects are underway to repair, upgrade or build infrastructure on Indigenous lands
  • Since 2010 the Indigenous inmate population has increased by 43.4%

Climate change

  • Extreme weather events are becoming more common and intense
  • Flooding has increased by more than 50% this decade
  • Severe weather caused $1.3 billion in insured damage for Canadians in 2019
  • Canada's temperature rose at about double the global rate and almost triple that rate in Northern Canada
  • The biggest climate change protest ever occurred in over 185 countries in 2019
  • Indigenous land represents 80% of Earth's biodiversity

National security and transnational and serious organized crime

  • Organized Crime groups are expanding to exploit new criminal opportunities with use of established networks
  • Canada is under increasing threat of interference from foreign states
  • Cryptocurrency continues to be targeted for theft and for movement of illegal funds
  • Ransomware is becoming a common threat to individuals and organizations
  • Money Laundering is increasingly being conducted through casinos and real estate
  • Firearm-related violent crimes by gangs are increasing

Trust, confidence and transparency

  • Scrutiny of law enforcement costs and social outcomes
  • The appearance of 'deep fake' videos more than doubled in the first 8 months of 2019
  • 17% of visible minorities have 'no confidence at all' in the RCMP
  • 57% of Canadians believed Canada was democratically governed in 2019
  • Canadian confidence in the RCMP dropped 10% in the last 2 years
  • Public confidence in Provincial Courts is 20% less than in Municipal Police Services

Demographics and society

  • 81% of Canada's population live in urban areas, up 34% since 1955
  • Crime rate in 2018 was 30% higher in rural areas
  • Canada's population is expected to be 45 million people by 2050
  • Canada's Indigenous population is expected to increase by 55% to approximately 2.5 million by 2036
  • By 2026, 1 in 4 working Canadians will be over 55 years of age, decreasing the labour force participation rate
  • Immigrants will represent between 25% and 30% of Canada's population by 2036
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