Gender-based violence (GBV) is any violence directed towards or against someone due to their gender expression, gender identity or perceived gender.
On this page
Who is at risk
Anyone can be affected by GBV. HoweverFootnote 1:
- Women, girls, Indigenous peoples and members of the LGBTQ2S+ community are more at risk of experiencing GBV
- Factors such as age, geographic location, socioeconomic background and ethnicity can contribute to unique challenges that put certain populations at particular risk
In CanadaFootnote 2:
- Women have a 20% higher risk of being victimized than men
- Indigenous women reportedly experience spousal violence at a rate three times higher than non-Indigenous women. For women, Indigenous identity is a key risk factor for experiencing violence
- Transgender and gender diverse people are nearly twice as likely as cisgender women to experience intimate partner violence in their lifetimes
- Lesbian, gay or bisexual individuals are three times more likely than heterosexual people to report experiencing violence
If you or someone you know is a victim/survivor of GBV, help is available to you.
Impacts of gender-based violence
- influences health, social and economic conditions of victims/survivors
- can impact a survivor's relationships with their family and in their community, particularly due to ongoing isolation of victims/survivors and their children
- increases the risk of social isolation; community and family ostracism can place victims/survivors of GBV at greater social and economic risk
- prevents individuals from reaching their full potential
- increases the risks of substance abuse, depression or anxiety, chronic physical or mental illness, unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections
The law in Canada
- It is against the law to harm or threaten to harm another person, or to engage in harassing conduct as defined in the Criminal Code of Canada.
- All forms of discrimination against a person's sexual orientation, gender identity or expression are prohibited under the Canadian Human Rights Act.
The RCMP's role
When it comes to GBV, the RCMP has a mandate to:
- enforce the law and support victims/survivors
- help foster crime prevention initiatives that focus on GBV
- support the Government of Canada's Strategy to Prevent and Address Gender-Based Violence
The RCMP recognizes the importance of trauma-informed interventions. We are currently developing a course on cultural awareness and humility that will be offered to RCMP employees starting in 2019–20.
- RCMP Family Violence Initiative Fund
- Information for sexual assault survivors
- Missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls
- Public Service Announcement on Violence Against Women - Jordin Tootoo
- About Gender-Based Violence (Department for Women and Gender Equality)
- Federal strategy to end gender-based violence (Department for Women and Gender Equality)
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