Gender-based violence (GBV) is any violence directed towards or against someone due to their gender expression, gender identity or perceived gender.
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Who is at risk
Anyone can be affected by GBV. HoweverFootnote 1:
- Women, girls, Indigenous peoples and members of the LGBTQ2S+ community are more at risk of experiencing GBV
- Factors such as age, geographic location, socioeconomic background and ethnicity can contribute to unique challenges that put certain populations at particular risk
In CanadaFootnote 2:
- Women have a 20% higher risk of being victimized than men
- Indigenous women reportedly experience spousal violence at a rate three times higher than non-Indigenous women. For women, Indigenous identity is a key risk factor for experiencing violence
- Transgender and gender diverse people are nearly twice as likely as cisgender women to experience intimate partner violence in their lifetimes
- Lesbian, gay or bisexual individuals are three times more likely than heterosexual people to report experiencing violence
If you or someone you know is a victim/survivor of GBV, help is available to you.
Impacts of gender-based violence
- influences health, social and economic conditions of victims/survivors
- can impact a survivor's relationships with their family and in their community, particularly due to ongoing isolation of victims/survivors and their children
- increases the risk of social isolation; community and family ostracism can place victims/survivors of GBV at greater social and economic risk
- prevents individuals from reaching their full potential
- increases the risks of substance abuse, depression or anxiety, chronic physical or mental illness, unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections
The law in Canada
- It is against the law to harm or threaten to harm another person, or to engage in harassing conduct as defined in the Criminal Code of Canada.
- All forms of discrimination against a person's sexual orientation, gender identity or expression are prohibited under the Canadian Human Rights Act.
The RCMP's role
When it comes to GBV, the RCMP has a mandate to:
- enforce the law and support victims/survivors
- help foster crime prevention initiatives that focus on GBV
- support the Government of Canada's Strategy to Prevent and Address Gender-Based Violence
The RCMP recognizes the importance of trauma-informed interventions. All RCMP employees undergo training on cultural awareness and humility.
- RCMP Family Violence Initiative Fund
- Information for sexual assault survivors
- Missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls
- Public Service Announcement on Violence Against Women - Jordin Tootoo
- About Gender-Based Violence (Women and Gender Equality Canada)
- The Gender-Based Violence Strategy (Women and Gender Equality Canada)
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