Bill C-71 - What you need to know

Bill C-71 received Royal Assent on June 21, 2019.

Effective on June 21, 2019

The Commissioner of Firearms, if requested by the Government of Quebec, shall provide a copy of all records that were in the Canadian Firearms Registry for all non-restricted firearms registered to residents of Quebec on April 3, 2015.

Effective on July 7, 2021

The Government of Canada announced Orders-in-Council for two elements – lifetime background checks and Authorization to Transport for restricted and prohibited firearms.

Lifetime Background Checks

Background checks for a firearms licence have now been expanded to include review of an applicant's entire life history, rather than just the previous five years.

Lifetime background checks will now be done on all applications submitted by individuals. No action is required on the part of firearms licence applicants and there is no need to resubmit applications if they were submitted prior to July 7, 2021.

Authorization to Transport restricted and prohibited firearms

Two (2) transportation provisions remain as a condition of a licence, which are to/from a range or home after a purchase.

Impacted clients who have an email address with us on file will be receiving an email notification regarding the Authorization to Transport changes starting on July 28, 2021. This email will be followed by an official notice by mail. All affected licence holders will be mailed a formal notification of the changes to the Authorizations to Transport, including their current updated licence conditions.

Individuals will now need to request an Authorization to Transport from their CFO to transport restricted and prohibited firearms to and from a:

  • business for repair or appraisal
  • gun show
  • port of entry or exit
  • peace officer, firearms officer or CFO for verification, registration or disposal

Other elements

The legislation provides for a number of other elements that may be brought into force, however, these would require an Order in Council. More information on how these other elements may affect you will be made available if these elements are brought into force.

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