Mission duration: Most deployments are 12 months in duration.
Canadian civilian police (CIVPOL) in Afghanistan train, mentor and advise the Afghan National Police (ANP), primarily at the middle and senior management levels, to increase their capability to provide an adequate level of security and stability within the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
The Canadian CIVPOL contingent in Afghanistan, guided by a command team at the Embassy of Canada in Kabul, provides its expertise to the ANP in the following niche areas:
Canadian CIVPOL participate in various operations in Afghanistan, to which the following elements apply:
The Canadian Police Commander (CPC), the Deputy Canadian Police Commander (DCPC), and an administrative non-commissioned officer (NCO) are stationed at the Canadian Embassy in Kabul.
The CPC provides technical expertise and strategic advice to Canada’s Head of Mission on the reform of the Afghan National Police. The DCPC coordinates the day-to-day operations of all Canadian CIVPOL in mission on behalf of the CPC. The administrative NCO provides support and advice to the contingent.
The European Union Police (EUPOL) mission works toward the creation of a professional, functional and ethnically balanced Afghan police force under Afghan ownership that respects human rights, operates within the framework of the rule of law and is trusted by and responsive to the needs of Afghan citizens.
Canadian police deployed to EUPOL provide expertise in forensics, training, command and control, human rights and gender issues.
The NATO Training Mission – Afghanistan (NTM-A) is a US-led military-civilian operation established to reform the Afghan National Security Forces, including the ANP.
Through dedicated training teams, NTM-A efforts focus on ANP reform at the district level and below in order to increase its operational capabilities, survivability, and sustainability.
The Ministry of the Interior (MoI) is responsible for both policy and operational direction for the Ministry and the ANP.
Reform of the MoI, particularly the separation of the political role from the operational police command function, will serve to increase the capacity of the Ministry to provide strategic guidance and policy direction, minimize corruption and political interference, protect the independence and impartiality of police investigations, and strengthen the rule of law.
A small number of Canadian police officers are assigned to projects led by the international community in Afghanistan to ensure maximum effectiveness and coordination of policing efforts, such as:
Police officers with the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) are responsible for ensuring compliance with the UN mandate and with international criminal justice and human rights standards. They are also responsible for ensuring that law and order are effectively maintained in the country.
The mission mandate calls for non-executive policing duties, which includes a monitoring role. Canadian police officers are responsible for assessing and identifying the current training standards and needs of police officers in Côte d’Ivoire.
Police officers within the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) work to build the capacity of the Congolese National Police (CNP) in a myriad of areas through monitoring, mentoring and training.
They assist with CNP reform and restructuring, recruiting, selection and training, improving the CNP’s operational capacity, advising on border security, elections, gender issues and coordinating international aid for the CNP.
Police officers with the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) are responsible for implementing the UN mandate. They monitor, advise and train the Haitian National Police (HNP), assessing and identifying current training standards and needs.
Police are also assigned to work directly for the mission in administrative policing positions, such as staffing, public affairs, intelligence, etc.
Since the earthquake, Canadian police have demonstrated leadership in working under very challenging conditions, such as those in the internally displaced persons (IDP) camps.
Canadian police have consistently held key leadership roles within UN missions in Haiti, including Canadian police commissioner, deputy commissioner, regional commanders, etc.
Canadian police are posted to two missions within South Sudan, to which the following elements apply:
Police officers within the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) are responsible for supporting the Government of South Sudan in its efforts to professionalize the South Sudan Police Service (SSPS) and other law enforcement entities, including strengthening their management and oversight capacities.
In carrying out this mandate, police are focused on strengthening the strategic and planning capacity of the SSPS and the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and providing the SSPS with operational support and training (basic and specialized).
Canadian police officers are seconded to the Community Security and Arms Control (CSAC) Project with the aim of building confidence, security and stability in South Sudanese communities.
Under the umbrella of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - Rule of Law, this project uses a “state by state” approach aimed at curbing widespread communal violence engendered by several years of war, and instituting in its place a program to promote community wellness and safety.
The UNDP Rule of Law mission works with UNMISS in the field to assess SSPS training needs. This coordination also enables them to monitor Canadian-financed UNDP projects and influence those projects to meet Canadian interests and expectations.
The main objective of police in the United Nations African Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) is to contribute to the creation of an environment conducive to national reconciliation and lasting peace and stability in Sudan, where human rights are respected, the protection of all citizens assured, and internally displaced persons (IDP) and refugees can return home in safety and dignity.
To achieve this objective, the UN police works closely with communities throughout Darfur, the Government of Sudan, the UN military, humanitarian agencies and other partners. The vast majority of activities conducted by UN Police in Darfur are focused on the IDP camps, working to create safety and security for approximately 2.5 million people in these locations.
Established in April 2005, the European Union Police Co-ordinating Office for Palestinian Police Support (EUPOL COPPS) assists the Palestinian Authority in building the institutions of the future State of Palestine in the areas of policing and criminal justice.
The objective is to make the Palestinian Civil Police (PCP) into a competent security force of the future Palestinian State, based on the principles of democratic policing, neutrality and community service.
Deployed police officers assist the PCP by advising and closely mentoring its members, specifically senior officials at district, headquarters and ministerial level. In their advisory role, Canadian police assess the training needs of the PCP and assist with mentoring, training, equipping and professionalizing its members.
The senior police advisor in New York represents the Canadian police community, acting as liaison and advisor on all matters related to Canada’s police participation in UN peace operations.
Deployed through the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, the senior police advisor joins a small but growing team of police advisors from around the world.