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Firearms and Toolmark Identification Section

firearm

Quick Facts

Firearms and Toolmark Identification sections are located in the Halifax, Regina and Vancouver laboratories of Forensic Science and Identification Services (FS&IS).

Forensic Science and Identification Services

Overview

The Firearms and Toolmark Identification Section is part of the RCMP's National Police Services (NPS), providing two major areas of expertise: firearms and toolmark analysis.

Firearms Identification

Services include:

  • determining whether a bullet, cartridge case or other ammunition component has been loaded into, or fired from a particular firearm;
  • determining the probable make of firearm from or in which an ammunition component was fired when no firearm is available;
  • assessing the mechanical condition of firearms;
  • determining the legal status of a firearm;
  • determining the distance the muzzle of a firearm was from a target at the time of discharge;
  • conducting analysis of bullet path at a crime scene or autopsy;
  • providing serial number restoration;
  • physical matching of wood, metal or plastic fragments;
  • managing the Canadian Integrated Ballistics Identification Network in support of the investigation of firearms crime

Toolmark Identification

Services include:

  • determining whether a tool mark impression was made by a given tool;
  • determining the type of tool which may have created a mark if no tool was recovered