Every child has the right to be nurtured and to be safe.
According to: Family Violence in Canada: A Statistical Profile (2014), police-reported data shows that three in five child and youth victims of family violence were victimized by a parent. In 2014, among the approximately 53,600 child and youth victims (17 years of age and under) of violent crime, about 16,300 (31%) were victims of family violence, perpetrated by a parent, sibling, extended family member or spouse. The majority of these victims (61%) were victimized by a parent. For the youngest victims of family violence (those under one year of age), a parent was most often the perpetrator (89%) (Table 4.2).
The damage can last a lifetime. An abused child is more likely to end up in violent or abusive relationships as an adult, and the destructive cycle continues.
We all need to care about children. Today, we are taking more responsibility for intervening in family violence and preventing child abuse — because it has to stop.
Child abuse is the physical, psychological, social, emotional or sexual maltreatment of a child. It harms or endangers the survival, safety, self esteem, growth and/or development of the child. It can involve a single act or a pattern of incidents.
Physical abuse is the deliberate use of force against a child which results, or may result, in bodily harm. It includes behaviours such as shaking, choking, biting, kicking, burning, poisoning, holding a child under water, or any harmful or dangerous use of restraint.
Emotional abuse refers to acts or omissions that harm a child's sense of self in a way that causes, or could cause, behavioural, cognitive and emotional disorders. This includes making verbal threats, put-downs, forcing a child into social isolation, intimidating, exploiting, terrorizing or routinely making unreasonable demands of a child.
Sexual abuse ranges from sexual harassment to sexual activity. It includes attempted or completed sexual relations, touching genitals, exposing adult genitals, sexual exploitation, sexual harassment, and voyeurism.
Neglect occurs when the child's basic needs are not being met. Physical neglect may involve inadequate food, clothing, shelter, cleanliness, medical care and protection from harm. Emotional neglect occurs when a child's need to feel loved, wanted, safe and worthy is not met.
Family Violence research indicates that even when children are not direct targets of violence in the home, they can be harmed by witnessing its occurrence. Children who live in situations of family violence can suffer immediate and permanent physical harm, even death. They can also experience short and long-term emotional, behavioural and developmental problems, including post-traumatic stress disorder.
In some cases of physical and sexual abuse, the victims have considerable problems with behaviour, negative peer involvement, depression, anxiety, violence to others, developmental delays, irregular school attendance and inappropriate sexual behaviour.
It is known that witnessing family violence is as harmful as experiencing it directly. Often parents believe that they have shielded their children from intimate partner violence, but research indicates that children see or hear many of the incidents. Children who witness family violence suffer the same consequences as those who are directly abused. In other words, a child who witnesses intimate partner violence is experiencing a form of child abuse.
The effects of child abuse and family violence show up in many ways. These are some of the signs - especially when they appear in clusters or represent a change in behaviour:
It is usually very difficult for children who are abused or neglected to report the problem to anyone. That is why it is important to be aware of the signs of child abuse and know what to do about it. Everyone has a duty to report child abuse, whether a child tells you about it or you have reasonable suspicion. It's the law.
If a child tells you about abuse:
There are also ways to help abused children heal:
If you are a parent, family member or caregiver who abuses, you can get help for yourself and for the children. It's never too late to stop family violence. Start today.
For more information and resources on family and relationship violence, please view our other brochures:
This brochure can also be ordered at a cost from St. Joseph Corporation. For ordering information please contact them at their toll free number: 1-888-562-5561.
If you're a child who needs help, call the Kid's Help Line 1-800-668-6868. It's safe and it's free.
© 2012 HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN IN RIGHT OF CANADA
as represented by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Cat. no.: PS64-21/2012