On April 5, 2012, Bill C-19, Ending the Long-gun Registry Act, came into effect. The key changes are as follows:
It is important to note that the new law does not change the requirement for all individuals to hold a licence in order to possess a firearm. The licensing, safety training and safe storage requirements for anyone who uses or owns a firearm continue to be in force.
The legislation also does not impact registration requirements for restricted or prohibited firearms.
All restricted or prohibited firearms must have a valid Canadian registration certificate. To be able to register a firearm, an applicant must be at least 18 years old and have a firearms licence allowing them to possess that class of firearm.
Owners of restricted and prohibited firearms that were registered in the former Restricted Weapons Registration System were required to re-register their firearms in the Canadian Firearms Information System by January 1, 2003, to update the information and link it to their licence.
A registration certificate issued under the Firearms Act does not have to be renewed unless the firearm is modified in a way that changes its class. When a restricted or prohibited firearm changes ownership, it will be registered to the new owner as part of transfer process. When someone borrows a restricted or prohibited firearm, they must also borrow the registration certificate for that firearm.