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Firearm Safety-Training Requirements

To reduce the risk of firearm-related accidents and enhance the safety of Canadian homes and communities, it is important that all applicants for a Possession and Acquisition Licence (PAL) or a Minor's Licence have an adequate knowledge of firearm laws and safe-handling practices.

Requirements for PAL Applicants

To be eligible to apply for a PAL, classroom participation in the Canadian Firearms Safety Course (CFSC) is mandatory for first-time licence applicants. Once the course is completed, individuals will then have to pass the tests. The content of this course is controlled and approved by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Canadian Firearms Program (CFP), and is delivered in many locations across Canada.

The appropriate provincial or territorial Chief Firearms Officer (CFO) can provide information on courses.

In addition to meeting the requirement set out above, applicants for a PAL to acquire restricted firearms must also have:

Individuals who passed the CFSC prior to February 1999 are deemed to have passed the CRFSC as well.

Individuals generally need to meet the safety training/knowledge requirements only once.


  • The Attorneys General of Manitoba and Quebec designated some provincial hunter-safety courses as equivalent to the CFSC. Individuals who passed one of those courses (before April 1, 1994 in Manitoba and before January 1, 1995 in Quebec) do not need to pass the CFSC.
  • A CFO may offer "alternative certification" to an individual if the CFO is satisfied that the individual's knowledge of firearms laws and safe-handling practices meets the national standards set for licensing.


If a court has prohibited an individual from possessing firearms, the individual must wait until the prohibition order has expired, then take the appropriate firearms safety courses and pass the written and practical tests before applying for a PAL, even if the individual had met the safety-training requirements prior to being prohibited.

Requirements for a Minor's Licence

Generally, minors seeking a licence to possess non-restricted firearms must take the CFSC and pass the tests.


More information is available on the CFP website. The CFP can be contacted at:

Telephone: 1-800-731-4000 (toll-free)

This fact sheet is intended to provide general information only. For legal references, please refer to the Criminal Code and the Firearms Act and their corresponding regulations. Provincial, territorial and municipal laws, regulations and policies may also apply.