Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Symbol of the Government of Canada

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Frontline Policing

Background

Cst. Baker
  • Contracts that stipulated the RCMP take over provincial policing began with an agreement with Saskatchewan on June 1, 1928.
  • Similar agreements were later reached with the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, British Columbia and Newfoundland.
  • The first municipal contract that required consultation between three levels of government was signed with Flin Flon, Manitoba, on April 1, 1935.
  • The RCMP provides cost-shared policing services to all provinces and territories, except Ontario and Quebec, and to 198 municipalities in the Atlantic, Prairie and Pacific regions.

Organization

  • Basic operational unit of the force.
  • Systems and procedures standardized across the country.
  • Supplemented by a number of satellite and community service officers.
  • Many provincial detachments are combined with municipal ones, saving money and increasing efficiency.
  • Detachment personnel perform virtually all the functions involved in delivering police services at 652 locations across Canada.

Resources

  • Access to specialized support units (identification, forensic lab, police dog, dive teams, etc.)
  • 28 Emergency Response Teams strategically placed around the country, available to respond to hostage-taking or other emergency situations.
  • Partnerships with social service organizations that offer assistance in family or youth counselling, alcohol or drug abuse and community crime prevention programs.

Officers

  • Majority of new RCMP regular members go directly to detachment duties and serve three to five years in general policing before moving on to specialized fields.
  • Many enforce statutes from three levels of government and must be acquainted with municipal by-laws, provincial acts and federal statutes.
  • Must also be aware of the specific problems or features of the community as the public's most frequent and personal connection with the RCMP.
  • Encouraged to participate in police/community programs (i.e. community service clubs, sports activities, guiding/scouting movements, etc.).
  • Perform virtually all the functions involved in delivering police services at 652 locations across Canada.
  • Versatility is key as duties often involve demands and considerations other than enforcement and investigation.

Investigations

  • Officers use their knowledge of the law to determine which statute has been violated and the legal requirements to prosecute the case.
  • When an investigation begins, the officer gathers evidence to identify one or more suspects.
  • Once identified, the officer sees that the suspect is charged and brought before court.
  • The officer must then provide and present evidence in a clear, concise and complete manner.